上海海洋大学深渊科学技术研究中心

  深渊科学技术项目的灵感来自于“蛟龙号”。“蛟龙号”在5000米级海试和7000米级海试过程中邀请海洋科学家参与海试过程,充分挖掘了每个试验潜次的科学价值,让参试的工程技术人员体会到了科学家与工程技术人员密切结合的好处。另一方面,从2010年美国纪念人类到达马里亚纳海沟的最深处---“挑战者深渊”50周年的纪念专刊中了解到了深渊科学与技术是海洋领域最前沿的科学与技术。因此,在“蛟龙号”7000米级海试结束后,具有国际视野的海洋地质学家、也是助蛟龙号项目成功的幕后英雄、“蛟龙号”海试技术咨询专家组组长、海试现场验收组长、美国明尼苏达大学高级科学家丁抗博士给科技部提出了如下的建议:“对比目前国际上能携带科学家的载人潜水器,唯有蛟龙号能够在属于所谓HadalDepth(海斗深度,指6000-11000米的深度区间)的 6500-7100米深度段进行科研作业,而这样的深度具有极为特殊的生物活动,但是我国科技界拥有的这个独一无二的深潜优势估计将在3-5年或者更短的时间内丧失;这次的海底作业表明,蛟龙号7000米海试的下潜区域是一个具有重要科学研究意义的地点,它紧挨挑战者深渊,具有丰富和明显的生物与地质活动的多样性,并且能够得到所属国密克罗尼西亚政府的支持。 查看详情>>

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深渊科学团队

陈多福

岗位: 深渊中心科学团队成员
职称: 研究员,博士
研究领域: 地球化学
1979.9-1983.6在兰州大学地质系学习,获得理学学士学位。
2001.3-2003.12在中科院研究生院在职博士研究生,获得博士学位。
1983.7-1989.12在中国科学院地化所工作
1990.1至今在广州地化所工作。
曾于1994年12月-1996年1月由中国科学院公派在澳大利亚悉尼科技大学进修14个月,1999年以来长期与美国康纳尔大学地球与大气科学系、路易斯安那州立大学海洋学、德国不来梅大学海洋中心、美国明尼苏达大学开展海底冷泉和天然气水合物的合作研究。

80-90年代主要开展沉积地层中的热水流体沉积、成矿作用及华南震旦纪沉积地球化学的研究。1998年以来主要从事海底冷泉流体沉积(天然气水合物和冷泉碳酸盐岩)地球化学研究。是国内最早开展冷泉及渗漏甲烷形成水合物的学者之一。2002年通过载人深潜器对墨西哥湾布什山海底冷泉天然气渗漏活动和海底出露水合物进行了实地考察。是《地球化学》副主编,《沉积学报》、《矿物岩石地球化学通报》和《天然气地球科学》编委。是国家自然科学一等奖(层控矿床地球化学-1986)和中国科学院自然科学一等奖(东南岩石圈基底演化与成矿作用-1996)的主要成员。是2000年度国家基金委优秀成果奖和2005年度中国科学院优秀博士论文奖获得者。是2005年度广东省科学技术二等奖(第2)、2006度中国石油和化工协会科学技技二等奖(第2)和2006年度广东省科学技术三等奖(第2)主要贡献人。

联系方式:cdf@gig.ac.cn

发表的主要论著:
1.       Feng Junxi, Duofu Chen*. Characterization of authigenic carbonates from Huoshaogang landfill, Guangzhou, China: implication for microbial metabolism. Environ. Earth Sci.,2015, DOI 10.1007/s12665-015-4485-5.
2.       Min Luo, Andrew W. Dale, Klaus Wallmann, Christian Hensen, Joris Gieskes,Wen Yan, Duofu Chen*. Estimating the time of pockmark formation in the SW Xisha Uplift (South China Sea) using reaction-transport modeling. Marine Geology, 2015, 364 : 21–31.
3.       Hu Yu, Dong Feng*, Linying Chen, Guodong Zheng, Jorn Peckmann, Duofu Chen*. Using iron speciation in authigenic carbonates from hydrocarbon seeps to trace variable redox conditions. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2015, 67:111-119.
4.       Hu, Y., Feng, D., Liang, Q., Xia, Z., Chen, L., Chen, D*, 2015. Impact of anaerobic oxidation of methane on the geochemical cycle of redox-sensitive elements at cold-seep sites of the northern South China Sea. Deep-Sea Res. II (2015), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. dsr2.2015. 06.012i.
5.       Feng D, Cheng M, Kiel S, Qiu J-W, Yang Q, Zhou H, Peng Y, Chen D, 2015. Using Bathymodiolus tissue stable carbon, nitrogen and sulfur isotopes to infer biogeochemical process at a cold seep in the South China Sea. Deep-Sea Research I 104, 52-59.
6.       Feng Dong, Duofu Chen. Authigenic carbonates from an active old seep of the northern South China Sea: New insights into fluid sources and past seepage activity. Deep-Sea Research II, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2015.02.003.
7.       Min Luo, Huagu Huang, Peng Zhang, Qingbai Wu, Duofu Chen*. Preliminary study of geochemiscal characteristics and origins of seeping gases in Qiangtang Basin and its adjacent areas, Tibet, China. Journal of Geochemical Exploration,2014, 146:119–126.
8.       Pengfei Di, Dong Feng, Duofu Chen*. Temporal variation in the natural gas seep rate and the influence factors in the Lingtou promontory seep field of the northern South China Sea. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 2014. doi: 10.3319/TAO.2014.04.30.01(Oc)。
9.       Min Luo, Chen Linying, Wen Yan, Duofu Chen*. Gas hydrate occurrence inferred from pore water Cl- concentrations and δ18O values in the shallow sediments of the pockmark field in southwestern Xisha Uplift, northern South China Sea. Energies, 2014, 7: 3886-3899; doi:10.3390/en7063886.
10.    Yu Hu, Dong Feng, Jörn Peckmann, Harry H. Roberts, Duofu Chen*. New insights into Ce anomalies and mechanisms of trace metal enrichment in authigenic carbonate from hydrocarbon seeps. Chemical Geology, 2014, 381:55-66.
11.    Niu Li, Huagu Huang, Duofu Chen*. Fluid sources and chemical processes inferred from geochemistry of pore fluids and sediments of mud volcanoes in the southern margin of the Junggar Basin, Xinjiang, northwestern China. Applied Geochemistry, 2014, 46:1-9.
12.    Pengfei Di, Dong Feng, Duofu Chen*. In-situ and on-line measurement of gas flux of hydrocarbon seeps on the near-shore seafloor of the Lingtou promontory, northern South China Sea. Continental Shelf Research. 2014,80:81-87.
13. 曹运诚,陈多福*.海洋天然气水合物发育顶界的模拟计算.地球物理学报,2014, 57 (2): 618-627.
14.    Wang, Q., Zhijia Lin, Duofu Chen*, Geochemical constraints on the origin of Doushantuo cap carbonates in the Yangtze Gorges area, South China, Sedimentary Geology,2014, 304: 59-70.
15.    Xinchang Zhang, Yi Yan, Chi-Yue Huang, Duofu Chen, Yehua Shan, Qin Lan, Wenhuang Chen, Mengming Yu, Provenance analysis of the Miocene accretionary prism of the Hengchun Peninsula, southern Taiwan, and regional geological significance. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 2014, 85:26-39
16.    Feng D, Birgel D, Peckmann J, Roberts H H, Joye S B, Sassen R, Liu X-L, Hinrichs H-U, Chen D. Time integrated variation of sources of fluids and seepage dynamics archived in authigenic carbonates from Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Seafloor Observatory. Chemical Geology 2014, 385, 129-139.
17.    苏正,曹运诚,杨睿等,吴能友,陈多福,杨胜雄,王宏斌.南海北部神狐海域天然气水合物成藏模式研究.地球物理学报, 2014, 57(5):1664-1674.
18.    Min Luo,Linying Chen,Shuhong Wang,Wen Yan,Hongbin Wang,Duofu Chen*. Pockmark activity inferred from pore water geochemistry in shallow sediments of the pockmark field in southwestern Xisha Uplift, northwestern South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2013, 48:247-259.
19.    Youyan Bian,Dong Feng,Harry H. Roberts,Duofu Chen*n. Tracing the evolution of seep fluids from authigenic carbonates: Green Canyon, northern Gulf of Mexico. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2013, 44:71-81.
20.    Yuncheng Cao,Duofu Chen*,Lawrence M. Cathles. A kinetic model for the methane hydrate precipitated from venting gas at cold seep sites at Hydrate Ridge, Cascadia margin, Oregon. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 2013, 118(9): 4669-4681.
21.    Hongpeng Tong, Dong Feng, Hai Cheng, Shengxiong Yang, Hongbin Wang,Angela G. Min,R. Lawrence Edwards,Zhong Chen,Duofu Chen*. Authigenic carbonates from seeps on the northern continental slope of the South China Sea: New insights into fluid sources and geochronology. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2013, 43:260-271.
22.    Cao YunCheng,Su Zheng,Duofu Chen*. Influence of water flow on gas hydrate accumulation at cold vents. Science China Earth Sciences, 2013,56(4):568-578.
23.    Dong Feng,Zhijia Lin,Youyan Bian,Duofu Chen*,Jörn Peckmann,Gerhard Bohrmann,Harry H. Roberts. Rare earth elements of seep carbonates: Indication for redox variations and microbiological processes at modern seep sites. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2013,65:27-33.
24.    Wang HongBin,Yang ShengXiong,Wu NengYou,Zhang GuangXue,Liang JinQiang,Duofu Chen*. Controlling factors for gas hydrate occurrence in Shenhu area on the northern slope of the South China Sea. Science China Earth Science, 2013, 56(4):513–520.
25.    Yunpeng Wang,Duofu Chen,Zhiguang Song. Detecting surface oil slick related to gas hydrate/petroleum on the ocean bed of South China Sea by ENVI/ASAR radar data. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2013,65:21-26.
26.    Hongxiang Guan,Yongge Sun,Xiaowei Zhu,Shengyi Mao,Dong Feng,Nengyou Wu,Duofu Chen. Factors controlling the types of microbial consortia in cold-seep environments: A molecular and isotopic investigation of authigenic carbonates from the South China Sea. Chemical Geology, 2013,354:55-64.
27.    Zheng Su, Yuncheng Cao, Nengyou Wu, Duofu Chen, Shengxiong Yang, Hongbin Wang. Numerical investigation on methane hydrate accumulation in Shenhu Area, northern continental slope of South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 38: 158-165, 2012.
28.    Hongpeng Tong, Duofu Chen*. First discovery and characterizations of late Cretaceous seep carbonates from Xigaze in Tibet, China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2012, 57(33): 4363-4372.
29.    Zhijia Lin, Qinxian Wang, Dong Feng, Qian Liu, Duofu Chen*, Post-depositional origin of highly 13C-depleted carbonate in the Doushantuo cap dolostone in South China: Insights from petrography and stable carbon isotopes. Sedimentary Geology, 2011, 242:71-79.
30.    Dong Feng, Duofu Chen*, Jörn Peckmann, Gerhard Bohrmann. Authigenic carbonates from methane seeps of the northern Congo fan: Microbial formation mechanism. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2010, 27(4): 748-756.
31.    Cathles LM, Su Z, Chen D. The physics of gas chimney and pockmark formation, with implications for assessment of seafloor hazards and gas sequestration. Marine and Petroleum Geology 27 (2010) 82–91.
32.    Dong Feng, Harry H. Roberts, Hai Cheng, Jörn Peckmann,Gerhard Bohrmann, R. Lawrence Edwards, Duofu Chen. U/Th dating of cold-seep carbonates: An initial comparison. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 2010, 57(21-23):2055-2060.
33.    Guan H X, Feng D, Wu N Y, Chen D F*, Roberts H. H., Wu D D. Fatty-acids and their δ13C characteristics of seep carbonates from the northern continental slope of Gulf of Mexico. Chinese Sci Bull, 2010, 5(8): 730-735.
34.    Dong Feng, Duofu Chen*, Harry H. Roberts, Petrographic and geochemical characterization of seep carbonate from Bush Hill (GC 185) gas vent and hydrate site of the Gulf of Mexico. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2009, 26:1190-1198.
35.    Dong Feng, Duofu Chen*, Jorn Peckmann, Rare earth elements in seep carbonates as tracers of variable redox conditions at ancient hydrocarbon seeps. Terra Nova, 2009, 21: 49–56.
36.    苏正, 曹运诚, 吴能友, Lawrence M. Cathles, 陈多福*, 水合物层下伏游离气渗漏过程的数值模拟及实例分析.地球物理学报, 2009, 52(12): 3124-3131.
37.    Feng Dong, Chen Duofu*, Harry H. Roberts, Sedimentary fabrics in the authigenic carbonates from Bush Hill: implication for seabed fluid flow and its dynamic signature. Geofluids. 2008, 8:301-310.
38.    Feng Dong, Chen Duofu*, Harry H. Roberts. Petrographic and geochemical characterization of seep carbonate from Alaminos Canyon, Gulf of Mexico. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2008, 53(11): 1716-1724.
39.    Chen Duofu*, Liu Qian, Zhang Zhengwei, Cathles L.M., Roberts H.H. Biogenic fabrics in seep carbonates from an active gas vent site in Green Canyon Block 238, Gulf of Mexico. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2007, 4(5): 313-320.
40.    苏正,陈多福*,海洋环境甲烷水合物溶解度及其对水合物发育特征的控制.地球物理学报, 2007, 50(5): 1518-1526.
41.    Feng Dong, Chen Duofu*, Roberts Harry H., Petrology and Geochemistry of seep carbonate from Bush Hill, GC185, Gulf of Mexico. Journal of China University of Geosciences, 2007,18 (Special Issue):381-382.
42.    Chen Duo Fu, Qian Liu, Zhengwei Zhang, Lawrence M. Cathles III, Harry H. Roberts. Biogenic fabrics in seep carbonates from an active gas vent site in Green Canyon Block 238, Gulf of Mexico. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2007, doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2007.03.003.
43.    Chen D F, Su Zhen, and Cathles LM., Types of gas hydrates in marine environments and their thermodynamic characteristics. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences,2006. 17, 723-737.  
44.    Chen D F, Feng D, Su Z, Song Z G, Chen G Q, Cathles L M, Pyrite crystallization in seep carbonates at gas vent and hydrate site, Materials Science and Engineering C, 2006, doi:10.1016/j.msec.2005.08.037.  
45.    Cathles L M.,D F Chen, Benjamin F. Nicholson. A dimensionless vent number characterizing the thermal impact of fluid discharge through planar and cylindrical vents with particular application to seafloor gas vents crystallizing hydrate.   Journal of Geophysical Research,     111, B10205, doi:10. 1029/2005 JB004221, 2006.
46.    Chen D F, L M Cathles, On the thermal impact of gas venting and hydrate crystallization, Journal of Geophysics Research. 2005,110, B11204, doi:10.1029/2004JB003533.  
47.    Chen D F, Huang Y Y, Yuan X L, Cathles L M, Seep carbonates and preserved methane oxidizing archaea and sulfate reducing bacteria fossils suggest recent gas venting on the seafloor in the Northeastern South China Sea, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2005, 22: 613–621.
48.    Chen D F, Cathles L M, Roberts H H, The chemical signatures of variable gas venting at hydrate sites. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2004, 21(3): 317 –326。
49.    Chen D F, Dong W Q, Zhu B Q, Chen X P, Pb-Pb Ages of Neoproterozoic Doushantuo phosphorites in South China: Constraints on early metazoan evolution and glaciation events. Precambrian Research, 2004,132(1-2): 123 ~ 132。
50.    Chen DF, Cathles LM, A kinetic model for the pattern and amounts of hydrate precipitated from a gas steam: Application to the Bush Hill vent site, Green Canyon Block 185, Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2003, 108 (B1),2058, doi:10.1029/2001JB001597。
51.    Chen, D.F.,Dong, W. Q., Qi, L., Chen, G. Q., Chen, X. P., Possible REE constrains on the depositional and diagenetic environment of Doushantuo Formation phosphorites containing the earliest metazoan fauna. Chemical Geology, 2003,201:103-118。 
52.    陈多福,王茂春,夏斌,青藏高原冻土带天然气水合物的形成条件与分布预测,地球物理学报,2005,48(1):166-172。
53.    Cathles L M, Chen D F, A compositional kinetic model of hydrate crystallization and dissolution, Journal of Geophysical Research, 2004, 109, B08102, doi:10.1029/ 2003JB002910。
54.    陈多福,李绪宣,夏斌,南海琼东南盆地天然气水合物稳定域分布特征及资源预测,地球物理学报,2004, 47 (3) : 483~489 。
55.    Chen D F, Chen X P, Chen G Q., Sea-level changes and hydrothermal sedimentary mineralization of large-superlarge ore deposits among Sinian to Triassic in south China. Science in China (D), 2003, 46(suppl): 1 ~ 9.
56.    陈庆华、荣一辚、邸鹏飞、陈多福*。电机驱动翻板阀式海底冷泉渗漏流量测量排水集气系统,国家发明专利,CN201110084333.3。
57.    邸鹏飞、陈庆华、陈多福*,一种测量海底冷泉天然气渗漏原位流量速率变化的测量装置,国家发明专利,CN201010292875.5。