上海海洋大学深渊科学技术研究中心

  深渊科学技术项目的灵感来自于“蛟龙号”。“蛟龙号”在5000米级海试和7000米级海试过程中邀请海洋科学家参与海试过程,充分挖掘了每个试验潜次的科学价值,让参试的工程技术人员体会到了科学家与工程技术人员密切结合的好处。另一方面,从2010年美国纪念人类到达马里亚纳海沟的最深处---“挑战者深渊”50周年的纪念专刊中了解到了深渊科学与技术是海洋领域最前沿的科学与技术。因此,在“蛟龙号”7000米级海试结束后,具有国际视野的海洋地质学家、也是助蛟龙号项目成功的幕后英雄、“蛟龙号”海试技术咨询专家组组长、海试现场验收组长、美国明尼苏达大学高级科学家丁抗博士给科技部提出了如下的建议:“对比目前国际上能携带科学家的载人潜水器,唯有蛟龙号能够在属于所谓HadalDepth(海斗深度,指6000-11000米的深度区间)的 6500-7100米深度段进行科研作业,而这样的深度具有极为特殊的生物活动,但是我国科技界拥有的这个独一无二的深潜优势估计将在3-5年或者更短的时间内丧失;这次的海底作业表明,蛟龙号7000米海试的下潜区域是一个具有重要科学研究意义的地点,它紧挨挑战者深渊,具有丰富和明显的生物与地质活动的多样性,并且能够得到所属国密克罗尼西亚政府的支持。 查看详情>>

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深渊科学顾问委员会

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岗位: 深渊中心专家顾问
职称: 美国伍兹霍尔海洋研究所资深研究员
研究领域: 地球物理
林间教授为美国伍兹霍尔海洋研究所资深研究员,亨利-比奇洛杰出海洋学家讲座教授,麻省理工学院/伍兹霍尔海洋研究所联合研究生院教授。历任国际大洋中脊综合研究组织(InterRidge)主席,国际中国地球科学促进会(IPACES)主席,美国国家研究委员会/国家科学院海啸预警系统专家委员会委员。曾获美国卡尔彼泊基金会青年科学家奖,当选为美国地质学会会士(Fellow, Geological Society of America)、美国科学促进会会士(Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science)。领导和参与各国在大西洋、印度洋、太平洋、南中国海、地中海的科学考察近20次,利用海底机器人、大洋钻探等先进手段研究大洋中脊、海沟、海底热液喷口等深海科学问题。2005年作为美方首席科学家,共同领导了“大洋一号”首次环球科考的国际合作航段。2007年共同领导世界上第一次在超慢速洋脊上发现深海活动热液喷口,为中国获得西南印度洋硫化物区的勘探权作出实质性科学贡献。2014年将担任国际大洋发现计划(IODP)在南海的大洋钻探349航次的美方首席科学家。研究过美国加州、阿尔及利亚、日本、中国汶川、智利、加勒比海等地区地震以及深海地震、海啸。根据美国科学信息研究所(Institute for Scientific Information)的统计,为国际上被引用次数最多的地震学者之一,其一合作论文为十年引用最高。1982年获中国科学技术大学地球物理学士学位,1988年获美国布朗大学地球物理博士学位。

Dr. Jian Lin is a Senior Scientist and Henry Bigelow Chair for Excellence in Oceanography at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). He earned his Ph.D. in geophysics from Brown University in 1988 and B.S. in geophysics from University of Science and Technology of China in 1982.

Dr. Lin has conducted pioneering deep-ocean research of mid-ocean ridges, hydrothermal vents, deep-trench earthquakes, and tsunamis. He has led and joined close to 20 international expeditions in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, as well as the South China Sea and Mediterranean Sea. In early 2014 he will serve as a Co-Chief Scientist of the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 349 to investigate the opening history of the South China Sea through deep ocean drilling. He has also conducted extensive research of earthquake interactions in many parts of the world, including California, Algeria, Japan, China, Chile, Caribbean, and the ocean floor.

Dr. Lin has served as chair of the InterRidge Science Program, which coordinates international cooperation in research and exploration of the deep-ocean geology, biology, and hydrothermal venting of mid-ocean ridges. He was a member of a U.S. national committee on tsunami warning and preparedness. Appointed by the National Research Council and the National Academy of Sciences, the committee conducted review of the U.S. tsunami warning and forecast system and overview of the nation's tsunami preparedness.

Dr. Lin was recognized by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) as one of the most cited authors on earthquake research. A paper he co-authored was the most-cited earthquake research article of a decade. In 2007, Dr. Lin was elects a Fellow of the Geological Society of America (GSA) for his “innovative, significant, and continuing contributions to the understanding of global ocean ridge processes and earthquake interactions.” In 2008, he was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) for his “outstanding contributions to seismology and marine tectonics”.

At the occasion of Dr. Lin’s election as an AAAS Fellow, WHOI President and Director Dr. Susan Avery said in a statement: “This recognition confirms the high esteem for Jian and his research among colleagues around the world. His tireless work, accomplishments, and leadership have not only advanced our knowledge of marine tectonics, but also the cause of global scientific collaboration for the benefit of all.”